Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates
Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.
Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technology Program Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 3 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 4 shows HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price..
Latest Monthly Sales Data
During February 2014, 30,561 HEVs (28,858 cars and 1,703 LTs) were sold, down 22.3% over the sales in February 2013. Toyota accounted for 58.5% share of total HEV sales in February 2014. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 38.7% (11,820 vehicles) of total HEV sales. The CYTD HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.64%, while CYTD Car HEVs captured a 5.03% share of car sales.
Total 7,045 plug-in vehicles (3,721 PHEVs and 3,324 AEVs) were sold in February 2014, up 25% over the sales in February 2013. PEVs captured 1.2% of total car sales in this month.
AEV sales included 1,425 Nissan Leaf, 1,400 Tesla Model S (est.), 129 Ford Focus Electric, 122 Smart ED, 101 RAV4EV, 71 Chevrolet Spark, 40 Fiat 500E, 33 Honda Fit EV, and 3 Mitsubishi I.
PHEV sales included 1,210 Chevrolet Volt, 1,041 Prius PHEV, 779 Ford Fusion Energi, 552 Ford C-Max Energi, 58 Cadillac ELR, 57 Panamera S E-Hybrid, and 24 Honda Accord.
When plug-in vehicle sales are added to HEV sales, their CYTD share of LDV sales was 3.22%.
Figure 1: Monthly New PHEV and AEV Sales by Model
Figure 2: Yearly New HEV Sales by Model
Figure 3: Electric Drive Vehicle Share of New Vehicle Sales
Figure 4: Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price
Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.