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Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

During December 2014, 33,302 HEVs (30,764 cars and 2,538 LTs) were sold, down 7.9% over the sales in December 2013. Toyota accounted for 65.8% share of total HEV sales in this month. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 41.8% (13,922 vehicles) of total HEV sales, down 5.9% from December 2013.

The total HEV sales during 2014 were 452,172 (425,612 cars and 26,560 LTs), down 8.7% from 2013 sales. Toyota accounted for 65.6% share of total HEV sales in 2014, down from 66.9% in 2013. Prius won the first place and accounted for 42.9% (194,108 vehicles) of total 2013 HEV sales, down from 44.8% (222,140 vehicles) in 2013. Camry captured the second place behind Prius with sales of 39,515. Ford Fusion (35,425), Hyundai Sonata (21,052) and Ford C-Max (19,162) finished third, fourth, and fifth. Three new models, Subaru XV, Acura RLX and Lexus NX Hybrid (XV and NY Hybrid are SUVs), were introduced in 2014. Figure 1 shows the yearly new HEV sales by model. Table 1 shows top 10 selling HEV models in last five years. Sales rank in other years could be found in attached excel file.

The 2014 HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.74%, down from 2013 share of 3.18%. Car HEVs captured a 5.37% share of total car sales in 2014, down from 2013 share of 6.10%.

monthly new phev and aev sales by model

Figure 1: Monthly New PHEV and AEV Sales by Model

cumulative U.S. plug-in vehicle sales

Figure 2: Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales

yearly new hev sales by model

Figure 3: Yearly New HEV Sales by Model

electric drive vehicle share of new vehicle sales

Figure 4: Electric Drive Vehicle Share of New Vehicle Sales

Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price

Figure 5: Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.


Yan (Joann) Zhou

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