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Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates

Currently available electric-drive vehicles (EDV) in the U.S market include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and all electric vehicles (AEV). Plug-in Vehicles (PEV) include both PHEV and AEV. HEVs debuted in the U.S. market in December 1999 with 17 sales of the first-generation Honda Insight, while the first PHEV (Chevrolet Volt) and AEV (Nissan Leaf) most recently debuted in December 2010. Electric drive vehicles are offered in several car and SUV models, and a few pickup and van models.

Historical sales of HEV, PHEV, and AEV are compiled by Argonne’s Center for Transportation Research and reported to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office each month. These sales are shown in Figures 1-5. Figure 1 shows monthly new PHEV and AEV sales by model. Figure 2 shows Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales. Figure 3 shows yearly new HEV sales by model. Figure 4 shows electric drive vehicles sales share of total light-duty vehicle (LDV) sales since 1999. Figure 5 show HEV and PEV sales change with gasoline price.

Latest Monthly Sales Data

During September 2014, 31,385 HEVs (29,511 cars and 1,874 LTs) were sold, down 6.5% over the sales in September 2013. Toyota accounted for 65.5% share of total HEV sales in September 2014. Prius (Prius C, Prius V and Prius Liftback in total) accounted for 44.4% (13,924 vehicles) of total HEV sales. The CYTD HEV sales share of LDV (<= 10,000 lbs. GVW) sales was 2.87%, while CYTD Car HEVs captured a 5.56% share of car sales.

Total 9,340 plug-in vehicles (5,983 PHEVs and 3,357 AEVs) were sold in September 2014, up 15% over the sales in September 2013. PEVs captured 1.61% of total car sales in this month.

AEV sales included 2,881 Nissan Leaf, 1,300 Tesla Model S (est.), 1022 BMW i3, 182 Smart ED, 176 Ford Focus Electric, 137 Fiat 500E, 125 RAV4EV, 65 Mercedes B-Class Electric, 51 Chevrolet Spark, 29 Honda Fit EV, and 15 Mitsubishi I.

PHEV sales included 1,394 Chevrolet Volt, 677 Ford C-Max Energi, 640 Ford Fusion Energi, 353 Prius PHEV, 111 Cadillac ELR, 82 Panamera S E-Hybrid, 58 BMW i8 and 42 Honda Accord. VW-eGolf was introduced into the U.S. Market this month.

When plug-in vehicle sales are added to HEV sales, their CYTD share of LDV sales was 3.58%.

monthly new phev and aev sales by model

Figure 1: Monthly New PHEV and AEV Sales by Model

cumulative U.S. plug-in vehicle sales

Figure 2: Cumulative U.S. Plug-In Vehicle Sales

yearly new hev sales by model

Figure 3: Yearly New HEV Sales by Model

electric drive vehicle share of new vehicle sales

Figure 4: Electric Drive Vehicle Share of New Vehicle Sales

Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price

Figure 5: Monthly New EDV Sales and Gasoline Price

Data Sources

Sales data are compiled from several sources at different points in time. Initially, the data were compiled from J.D. Power and associates’ sales reports, and Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) and HEV manufacturers’ information. Later, the data were supplied by Green Car Congress. Currently, the data are collected from Hybrid Market Dashboard. Civic hybrid sales are as reported by Honda in 2003 and 2004. Data from 2005 and later represent sales as reported by EDTA, Hybrid Dashboard, and Green Car Congress. The Escape, Highlander, RX 400h, Camry, and GS 450h hybrid sales represent registration information from EDTA through 2006. The 2007 Escape and GS450h sales data are from Green Car Congress. Accord hybrid sales data are from EDTA and Green Car Congress. The 2007 Vue hybrid sales data are from EDTA (January to May only), and later sales data are from Hybrid Dashboard and Green Car Congress. These numbers are by calendar year, not by model year as reported by the U.S. EPA in its “Light Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Fuel Economy Trends Report.” The HEV percent shares reported by U.S. EPA are for vehicles weighing <=8,500 lbs. while shares reported here are for vehicles weighing <=10,000 lbs. The Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) at the Department of Energy website also provides annual HEV sales data.


Yan (Joann) Zhou

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